World Watch Ranking: 24

How many Christians are there in Mali?

There are about 476,000 Christians in Mali, a small percentage of the population of over 20.8 million.

What does persecution look like in Mali?

Ten years ago in northern Mali, churches were burned and Christians were forced to flee for their lives when Islamic extremist groups took control of the region. Though some Christians have trickled back in with police protection, there are areas where there are no Christians. The trauma lingers, and the threat of attack still hangs over Christians, making evangelistic activities especially risky. Such programs can draw the attention of jihadists, and Christian missionaries live under the constant fear of abduction. Anyone who converts from Islam risks personal violence and pressure from their relatives if their faith is discovered. Northern Mali is also unsafe for non-governmental organizations.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians in the northern regions of Mali—where jihadists and extremist Muslim Fulani herdsmen are active—experience the most difficulties for their faith. To some extent, there are small pockets of intense persecution in the southern part of the country as well. Converts from Islam are particularly targeted.

Meet "Naomi"

“More than once, my family sent jihadists to my house to kill [or at least intimidate] us. Their plans never worked. But one day, while my husband was on a business trip, he was gunned down. He was killed for his faith and for marrying an ex-Muslim. His colleagues delivered the terrible news to me. [Even now], I have no idea what happened to his body.” 


What has changed compared to last year?

The situation in Mali has become complex, and it's difficult to distinguish clearly between religious-based and ethnic-based violence. Pressure and violence are both significant threats for believers. Though violence slightly decreased since last year's list, pressure from the community and against the church have both risen.  

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Mali?

Open Doors works through local partners to provide persecution-preparedness training, Bibles, literacy training and leadership training for both pastors and believers in various aspects of Christian life and ministry. In times of need, we also assist vulnerable Christians with socio-economic aid. 

How can you pray for Mali?

  • Pray for the stability and normalization of life in Mali, which are critical to suppressing extremist groups and returning peace to communities.
  • Lift up believers who have been internally displaced by violence in the northern part of Mali and have attempted to start their lives in new areas after losing everything. Ask God to comfort their hearts in their loss and support them through the ministry of believers in their midst.
  • Pray for our local partners who seek out and minister to Christians who need aid, trauma counselling, Bibles and persecution-preparedness training. Pray for wisdom and insight as they interact with others and assess the needs.
a Prayer for Mali

Dear Lord Jesus, there are displaced believers in Mali who cry out to You daily from places they never thought they would find themselves. Encourage their hearts today. Bless them with fellowship among strong Christians and meet their needs. Help Mali's government leaders regain control of the country and move in a coordinated way to disband and drive out these extremist groups that threaten the nation's peace. Open the eyes of our local partners to any believers in need and guide them as they bring relief and refreshment. In Jesus' name, Amen.

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Map thumbnail
Persecution Level

Very High

Persecution Type
  • Islamic oppression
  • Organized corruption and crime
  • Clan oppression
Population of Christians
476,000 (2.3%)

Main Religion

Semi-Presidential Republic

Transitional President President Assimi Goïta