World Watch Ranking: 30

How many Christians are there in Colombia?

Most Colombians are Christians – 95 per cent of the population of 50.2 million. But Christians still aren’t safe in Colombia, and persecution is getting much worse.

What does persecution look like in Colombia?

In Colombia, a largely Christian country, persecution is localized—and violent. Church leaders are threatened, harassed, extorted and even murdered as a result of the violence perpetrated by guerrillas and other criminal groups, especially in the country’s more remote areas. In most cases, this violence is the direct result of Christians denouncing corruption and violence, working for the defence of human and environmental rights, serving among youth, and pursuing peace and justice—all endangering the illegal activities of the criminal groups. Christians are seen as impediments to the forced recruitment of people, especially youth, to rebel groups and to the drug trade and organized crime that pay for these groups.

In indigenous communities, significant opposition exists toward Christian missionaries and indigenous converts, who can face imprisonment, physical abuse and the confiscation of property, among other forms of punishment.

In addition, there seems to be an increasing intolerance for Christians in the public sphere and an emphasis on secularism over and above a pluralistic society that values all voices, including Christians.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians most at risk in Colombia are followers of Christ who live in regions where rebel groups and drug gangs—which in some contexts can be the same thing—exert control. Christians who live out the gospel threaten to disrupt the drug trade and the ability of the local criminals to maintain their authority. Therefore, these groups target church leaders, inflicting violence on them and their communities.

The other exceptionally vulnerable group is indigenous people who convert to Christianity. Often, these Christians live in semi-autonomous regions where local authorities exert significant power. Because following Jesus is viewed as a betrayal of culture and heritage, this means Christians can be expelled from their homes or be targeted for significant and overwhelming persecution.

Meet "Pastor Alberto"

“One day, I received a note from one of these [criminal] gangs saying that if I didn't cooperate with their ‘cause,’ then I shouldn't be in this town. They also said that all young people must be part of their groups.”

Pastor Alberto

What has changed compared to last year?

Colombia’s rank on the 2021 World Watch List rose by 11 spots over last year’s list. The most significant factors leading to the country’s steady rise up the list are the violence from rebel groups—including the return of a group within FARC to guerrilla activities—along with the persecution faced by indigenous Christians who have departed a traditional religion. Additionally, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected groups who were already vulnerable to criminal gangs, particularly in areas of the country that are at least partially controlled by these violent groups.

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Colombia?

Guerrilla groups in Colombia are known to recruit Christian Colombian children. For this reason, the Open Doors Children’s Centre was established in Colombia as a place to protect children whose families have been threatened or displaced, and for those who are at risk of being recruited.
Open Doors also supports Christians in indigenous communities with training and with the setting up of Christian education for indigenous children.   
Open Doors strengthens the persecuted church in Colombia by developing and delivering Bible materials, constructing Christian schools for indigenous Christians, providing education programs and bringing emergency aid to persecuted followers of Jesus.  

How can you pray for Colombia?

  • Pray for Christians living in areas controlled by rebel and criminal groups. Pray God would keep them safe and give them courage to continue to live out and preach His gospel.
  • Pray for the families of church leaders who have been killed in Colombia this year. Pray God will be their comfort and will bring them healing from trauma.
a prayer for Columbia

Our God and Father, we pray for our brothers and sisters in Colombia. We pray for those who are facing the threat of violence simply because their very presence is a threat to those who would do evil. We pray You would bring about peace and reconciliation among armed groups in Colombia, and that violence would cease. We pray also for our indigenous family in Colombia, that they would be able to walk with You openly and without fear. In Jesus’ name, Amen.  

Map thumbnail
President Ivan Duque

Population of Christians
47,706,000 (95.0%)

Persecution Type
  • Organized corruption and crime
  • Clan oppression