World Watch Ranking: 18

How many Christians are there in Myanmar?

Nearly 4.4 million of Myanmar’s 54.8 million population are Christian. The majority religion is Buddhism.

What does persecution look like in Myanmar?

Religious nationalism is especially strong in Myanmar and drives much of the persecution of Christians. There is an increasing emphasis on Buddhism, to the exclusion of all other religions.

Converts to the Christian faith often face persecution from their families and communities for leaving, or “betraying,” the system of belief they grew up in. Communities who aim to stay “Buddhist only” make life for Christian families impossible by not allowing them to use community resources such as water. 

Well-established churches have been attacked, and in some instances, Buddhist monks have invaded church compounds and built Buddhist shrines inside. Non-traditional church groups experience opposition too, especially those located in rural areas and/or are known for evangelistic activity. The government tries to act against extremist Buddhist monks, but sends mixed signals, since it has become clear that extremist monks enjoy the support of the army.

Myanmar is the scene of the longest civil war in the world, which began in 1948. Although much media attention has been given to the plight of Rohingya Muslims, the ongoing war against insurgent groups – which affects, among others, the states of Kachin, Karen and Shan (all of which have a strong Christian minority) – have gone largely unnoticed. The predominantly Christian Chin State was also affected by fighting. Christians are vulnerable to persecution by insurgent groups and the army, and more than 100,000 Christians in the north live in Internal Displacement Camps (IDPs) where they are deprived of access to food and health care. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought added challenges, since many Christians are deliberately overlooked in the distribution of government aid. 

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians in Kachin State, in the north of the country, are especially exposed to persecution. Due to the ongoing fighting, more than 100,000 people – mostly Christian – are living in IDP camps, most of them for years, and humanitarian access to them is blocked. Fighting continues as well in neighbouring Shan State, which has a large minority of Christians, especially in the north. Chin State, which is predominantly Christian, has also been site of a great deal of conflict.

Meet "Pastor Moses"

"The village sorcerers would come to destroy, to kill our mission and ministry and those who are living here. But they are truly afraid of the ministry that we are doing here because we are bringing the gospel here."

Pastor Moses

What has changed compared to last year?

Myanmar has jumped one place from last year, reflecting the ongoing severe persecution facing many Christians. Converts continue to encounter tremendous hostility from family and the local community, while believers remain caught up in the fighting plaguing the states of Kachin, Shan and Karen, all of which have a significant Christian population, as well as predominantly Christian Chin State. 

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Myanmar?

Working with local partners, Open Doors strengthens persecuted believers in Myanmar through literature distribution, discipleship and leadership programs, livelihood support, family and marriage enrichment, and children and youth training. 

How can you pray for Myanmar?

  • Pray for those who have left Buddhism to follow Jesus – that God will strengthen, encourage and protect them.
  • Ask that all believers in Myanmar will receive and enjoy fruitful fellowship with other Christians.
  • Pray that the Lord will intervene and bring a peaceful resolution to the ongoing civil war. 
a PRAYer for Myanmar

Lord Jesus, bring peace to the ongoing conflict impacting parts of the country, and provide ways for Christians who’ve been internally displaced to return home. Comfort, strengthen and heal all believers affected by violence. Thank You for the many people who’ve boldly given their lives to You, despite opposition from their family and local community. Help them to stand strong and grow in their faith, and may their transformation touch the lives of their loved ones. Amen.

Map thumbnail
President U Win Myint

Population of Christians
4,362,000 (8.0%)

Persecution Type
  • Religious nationalism
  • Dictatorial paranoia