World Watch Ranking: 33

How many Christians are there in Niger?

There are about 65,000 Christians in Niger, a tiny 0.3% minority of the 25 million population.

What does persecution look like in Niger?

Once a country known for cross-religious harmony, Niger has entered the top 50 of the World Watch List, reflecting how pressure is increasing on Christians in this Muslim-majority nation.

Most of the population regard Islam as part of their ethnicity: if you are a Nigerien, you are a Muslim. Believers from Muslim backgrounds are therefore the most vulnerable to persecution, and often come under intense pressure from their families and communities to renounce their faith.

Historical Christian communities are generally allowed to practise their faith in private, but in regions under Islamist control, Christians must gather with caution because of an increased threat of violence from militant groups like Boko Haram. In regions near the border of Nigeria, churches have been burned and pastors forced to flee their homes. Meanwhile, the local authorities have occasionally stopped believers from meeting, and the registration process for churches is long and difficult.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Those who convert to Christianity from a Muslim background face the most pressure from family and society. Christians living in areas under Islamist control or in the region bordering Nigeria are most susceptible to violent attacks, as are those living in the west where Niger borders Burkina Faso and Mali.

What has changed compared to last year?

The persecution dynamic is changing rapidly in Niger, with the country jumping 21 places to enter the World Watch List top 50. This is due to a dramatic rise in violence against Christians. In the past five years, the Sahel region has seen a huge increase in violent Islamist attacks, and the government of Niger has lost a lot of territory to the jihadists. Since 2020, the country has seen a series of attacks by Islamic militants and protesters who at times exact revenge by burning churches. The unpredictability of the situation makes Christians vulnerable.

The pandemic, that has enabled Islamic militants to expand their influence in Niger, is likely a contributing factor in this latest rise. More widely, this trend reflects the increasing violence facing Christians across sub-Saharan Africa.

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Niger?

Open Doors works through local churches and partners in Niger to strengthen persecuted Christians through economic empowerment programmes, leadership and discipleship training, persecution survival training and pastoral care for new believers.

How can you pray for Niger?

  • Pray for violence against believers to stop and the influence of militant Islamist groups to diminish rapidly.
  • Pray for healing for believers affected by trauma.
  • Pray that Open Doors training programs will equip believers to withstand persecution and serve Jesus in the places where they live. 
a prayer for Niger

Dear Heavenly Father, strengthen, protect and heal Christians affected by persecution in Niger. Use them in bold and powerful ways in their families and communities. Encourage those who especially need it today. Intervene to diminish the influence of militant Islamist groups so that Niger may once again be a place of peace and harmony, and Christians will feel increasingly safe to gather for worship, celebration and fellowship. Amen.  

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Map thumbnail
Persecution Level

Very High

Persecution Type
  • Islamic oppression
  • Organized corruption and crime
  • Clan oppression
Population of Christians
64,700 (0.3%)

Main Religion


President Mohamed Bazoum