World Watch Ranking: 13

How many Christians are there in Sudan?

There are almost 2 million Christians in Sudan, from a population of 44.6 million people. That’s approximately 4.5 per cent.

What does persecution look like in Sudan?

Since the 2019 coup that ousted Omar al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan for 30 years, the situation for Sudanese Christians has somewhat improved in the sense that the government has changed its policy of considering Christians enemies and agents of the West. However, there are systematic issues that affect Christians. First, while government policy has changed, social attitudes about Christians have not, especially outside Khartoum. There, the culture and surrounding society are still majority-Muslim and suspicious of any other faith. Second, the government has not put real protections into place for Christians and other religious minorities. For example, even with the change in official status, confiscated churches and lands have yet to be returned to their Christian owners; and trying to build new churches is still extremely difficult. And finally, there are still high-level military leaders who have slowed reform. 

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians outside of the capital city of Khartoum remain most at risk. But all of Sudanese society is still largely opposed to public expressions of Christianity, and despite gains at the national level, reform can be hard to come by at the local level. Christians who convert from Islam face additional risks from family and community.  

Meet a Sudanese pastor

Abdul is a Christian in Sudan

“There are many churches who applied [to build] more than five years ago and some others two years ago, at the beginning of the current transitional government, hoping to be treated equal [to Muslims]. ... The minister of religious affairs spoke on TV and at other events and said that Christians would be able to build new churches; however there is always contradiction between his words and real life.”

What has changed compared to last year?

Persecution remains incredibly high in Sudan and hasn't changed much in the last year. Churches were burned down and Christians reported being beaten or attacked during the World Watch List reporting period. Ongoing ethnic violence in the Darfur region also worries many observers who wonder if the transitional government can protect minorities. While the positive developments that occurred after al-Bashir's ouster are worth celebrating, it remains to be seen how much change will take place in reality. Christians are still at significant risk from society at large, particularly if they converted from Islam. Additionally, armed groups who were part of the former dictatorship continue to be active, posing a constant threat to Christians.  

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Sudan?

Through partnerships with the local church, Open Doors equips church leaders in Sudan for various aspects of ministry, supports community development and provides practical assistance to persecuted Christians

How can you pray for Sudan?

  • After the fall of former dictator Hassan Omar al-Bashir in April 2019, the transitional government under the leadership of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok introduced exciting changes to the legal framework governing life in Sudan. But as the political situation in Sudan continues to be volatile, pray for these changes to be implemented and respected in lower government levels and society in general.
  • Christians, especially those who converted from Islam, still face many challenges. In some areas, they are vulnerable to targeted violence. Pray that amid these challenges, they will continue growing in their knowledge of Christ. Pray that they will courageously speak to others about salvation found in Him.
  • Open Doors' vision for Sudan is to see a resilient church that stands strong in the face of persecution and is economically empowered to support themselves. Pray for protection over our partners and much fruit from their work.
a prayer for Sudan

Dear God, we pray for our sisters and brothers in Sudan who risk everything to follow You. We thank You for the positive developments in Sudan, and ask that You would cause those changes to spread to every part of Sudanese society. Please protect and strengthen the Sudanese church and give them joy and courage to serve You in the year ahead. In Jesus' name, Amen.

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Map thumbnail
Persecution Level

Very High

Persecution Type
  • Islamic oppression
  • Organized corruption and crime
  • Clan oppression
  • Dictatorial paranoia
Population of Christians
1,984,000 (4.4%)

Main Religion


Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan