Burkina Faso

World Watch Ranking: 32

How many Christians are there in Burkina Faso?

Around a quarter of people in Burkina Faso are Christians – almost 5 million from a population of 20.9 million.

What does persecution look like in Burkina Faso?

After a brutal 2019, when Christians were targeted and murdered by militants, there were fewer high-profile violent attacks in 2020. However, the violence still continued—just not as visibly.

Open Doors estimates there are over 1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Burkina Faso, and many are Christians. Extremist attacks have driven followers of Jesus from their homes and villages, with many being forced into refugee camps. Open Doors partners in Burkina Faso report there are no open churches in parts of north-eastern Burkina Faso. Christians in this area have largely been forced to flee due to violence from Islamic extremists. Low rainfall and the COVID-19 pandemic have worsened the situation.

Christians who have converted from Islam also face significant pressure and opposition from their families and communities. Families may reject Christian converts, and new Christians may be pressured to renounce their new faith. This also means new converts from Islam are often reluctant to be public about their faith. Burkina Faso has long had a reputation for tolerance of various faiths, but that reputation is increasingly at risk.

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

The northern and eastern parts of Burkina Faso are particularly dangerous for followers of Jesus, especially areas outside of urban centres. Attacks from Islamic extremists have focused on this region.

Additionally, converts from Islam are also vulnerable to pressure and rejection from both their families as well as the broader society. Often, this can lead to a fear of publicly expressing faith.

Meet "Pastor Samuel"

“In northern Burkina Faso, we have faced attacks against Christians and against our churches. We don’t know who the attackers are, nor do we know who is sponsoring them. All we know is that they attack Christians. These attacks have shattered the lives of our people. We are troubled and filled with pain over the deaths of our family members.”

Pastor Samuel

What has changed compared to last year?

Burkina Faso actually fell four spots on the 2021 World Watch List—however, Open Doors analysts actually believe persecution has become slightly worse in the last year. Fortunately, violence has decreased, but as more overt attacks have lessened, the ongoing crisis caused by Islamic extremist attacks continues to drive suffering and difficulties for the Christianity community in Burkina Faso. Converts to Christianity from Islam are also targeted.

What does Open Doors do to help Christians in Burkina Faso?

Through local partners, Open Doors comes alongside Christians in Burkina Faso by helping with emergency aid and by providing trauma care, leadership and discipleship training, persecution preparedness training, and ongoing prayer support.

How can you pray for Burkina Faso?

  • Pray for the Lord’s provision in the lives of our displaced brothers and sisters in Burkina Faso. Pray that they will not be ruled by fear, but experience the peace only the Lord can give through His Spirit.
  • Pray for grace for Christians to remain firm in the faith as they face increased hostility.
  • Pray the government will receive wisdom and display accountability as they seek to create order in the affected areas.
a prayer for Burkina Faso

Almighty God, we come to You and ask for Your protection and sustaining grace to come upon our sisters and brothers in Burkina Faso. We ask that You would protect those who were forced to leave their homes and villages—please give them strength and lift up their heads to see Your face. We pray for followers of Jesus who came out of Islam, that You would help them realize they have a global family of Christians who care for them, even as they are rejected by their biological families. We ask all these things in Jesus’ name, Amen.

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President Roch Marc Kabore

Population of Christians
4,965,000 (23.8%)

Persecution Type
  • Islamic oppression
  • Organized corruption and crime